The first step in creating fabric is yarn production. Raw materials such as Wool and Linen that have been harvested and processed are transformed into yarn and threads. This is most commonly done with a spinning wheel, the fibers are pulled across the wheel and whilst it spins they are collected on a bobbin then transferred to another machine to make the cloth.
Fareleiros weaver preparing the loom with the yarn
Next is the weaving process which takes places on a loom. Two sets of yarns are interlaced which forms the cloth. The two sets of yarn are referred to as the warp and weft, the warp is the yarns which run back to front of the loom and the crosswise yarns are the weft.
Fareleiros workers weaving fabrics on a loom.
Our Linen is made from a combination of Linen and Wool, both derived from natural fibers. Linen comes from Flax plants, flax is either hand-harvested by pulling up the entire plant or by cutting the stalks very close to the root. The plants then need to be dried and the seeds removed. In order to extract the fibers a process of retting takes place. Wool is cleaned and scoured once removed from the sheep. After being carded, the wool fibers are spun into yarn. Spinning for woolen yarns is typically done on a mule spinning machine, while worsted yarns can be spun on any number of spinning machines.